Lintel load span tables

Lintel load span tables: A beginner’s guide

Andrew ALL, Concrete Lintels, Steel Lintels 27 Comments

Stressline steel and concrete lintel load span tables

Load span tables can be difficult to interpret, but Stressline’s technical team are on hand to help.

We often assume that the load span tables featured in our lintel guide are easy to understand, which for those with knowledge; probably are. However, for anyone starting out in the industry, getting to grips with interpreting the load spans for prestressed concrete lintels and steel lintels is not always straight forward.

This post examines the load span tables featured for both concrete and steel lintels and will demonstrate how you should interpret the values within them. This post is not going to help you with the calculations to arrive at what loads you need the lintel to bear – that is for another blog post.

Lintels are independently tested

The first point we need to make is that the load span tables in this post are based on our own products. These products are CE marked, and in order to obtain this accreditation, lintels are subject to the most stringent tests under the Construction Products Regulation (CPR). This means they are independently tested. The values in our own tables have been independently verified by a third party.

Lintel Load Span Table: Quick Reference Guide

We now have a lintel load span table quick reference guide available, which you can view online, or you can download for free as a PDF. Once you have finished reading this, why not download the guide for future reference.

Lintel load span definitions

We will look at the load span tables for two steel lintel products at either end of the ‘strength’ spectrum. Initially we will make sure we know what values are included in the table.

Standard Lengths – This is pretty self-explanatory, and simply means the length of the lintel. As standard our steel lintels increase in length by 150mm, the two values represent the length of the lintel that the values in that column relate to. If it is 600 | 1200 it means the load span details can be applied to any lintel between 600mm and 1200mm.

Nominal height – The height of the lintel in mm.

Weights – The weight of the lintel in kg per metre.

SWL – This means Safe Working Load, but can also be referred to as Serviceable Working Load. This value is the load in kiloNewtons (kN) and simply means the load that this particular lintel can safely bear.

RM – This means Resistance Moment. RM is quite difficult to explain, and quite frankly is best described by a qualified engineer. In very simple layperson terms it is the force (as measured by kiloNewtons metre; kNm) at which point the lintel breaks. You can find out more about resistance moment here.

Got a question?
If you have a question, then you can email us directly. At the bottom of this page is a quick ‘ask a question’ section, just fill out your name and email (it won’t be shared) and drop your question in the box… easy.

Understanding lintel load ratios

Stressline HD steel lintel

Understanding the load ratios is vital to gaining an appreciation of lintel selection.

The SWL values in our load span tables are often subject to load ratios. These ratios represent the ratio of load that the lintel can bear as inner leaf to outer leaf. The ratios are different for the different applications.

  • 1:1 – Lintels supporting masonry only
  • 3:1 – Lintels supporting masonry and timber floors
  • 5:1 – Lintels supporting concrete floors
  • 19:1 – Lintels for eaves applications

How these ratios are applied will be demonstrated in the examples below.

Steel lintel load span tables

This first load span table is for a standard 50mm cavity lintel. The second table is for a 50mm composite extra heavy duty (CXHD) lintel.

SL50Standard Lengths600
1200
1350
1500
1650
1800
1950
2100
2250
2400
2550
3000
3150
3900
4050
4200
4350
4800
Nominal Height(mm)95113134140153190190225225
Weights(kg/m)6.26.87.47.68.09.213.815.517.8
SWL 1:1 | 3:1(kN)161722232428282828
SWL 19:1(kN)121317181922222222
RM(kNm)2.22.94.55.66.810.013.316.216.2
SL50 CXHD 225Standard Lengths600
1800
1950
3000
3150
3900
4050
4500
4650
4800
4950
5100
Nominal Height(mm)236236236236236236
Weights(kg/m)19.019.019.019.019.019.0
SWL 1:1 | 3:1(kN)897155423732
SWL 19:1(kN)756046403530
RM(kNm)21.521.521.520.520.520.5

Let’s assume you need a 900mm lintel, you would look at the details of the first column of each of the two tables.

A 900mm SL50 has a height of 95mm, and weighs 6.2kg per metre.

Looking at SWL figures you can see that if your floor load is a 1:1 ratio (so the same weight is applied on both the inner leaf and outer leaf, then this SL50 at 900mm can take a load of 8kN on each leaf.

If you needed your lintel for an eaves application, then you would use the 19:1 ratio, which means this lintel would take an inner leaf load of 11.4 kN and an outer leaf load of 0.6 kN (rounding up). In reality; this is probably not the best lintel for the job.

Looking at the CXHD lintel, you can see the SWL for 19:1 is 75 which equates to approximately 71kN on the inner leaf and 4kN on the outer leaf. This level is used for extreme loads.

Like I said at the start of the post, the calculations for working out what your load will be is for another post, but once you know this (and the other factors affecting lintel selection) then you will be able to quickly see which sort of lintel you need to use for the job.

Prestressed concrete load span tables

The load span tables for prestressed concrete lintels are very similar to the steel lintel tables with the exception of two values.

UDL means uniformly distributed load which is measured in kiloNewtons per metre (kN/m). The principle is the same however; the higher the value, the better the load bearing capabilities on the lintel.

kNm or kN/m?
Note: Do not confuse kNm with kN/m. kNm is a force measurement kiloNewtons times metres, kN/m is kiloNewtons per metre (or divided by metre).

Clear span is very simply the length of the opening. If you have a clear span of 1200mm, you will need a 1500mm length lintel to accommodate the required 150mm span on each side of the opening.

The R15 is a popular concrete product; here you can see the load table values up to a length of 1800mm.

R15 140 x 100Standard Lengths105012001350150016501800
Clear Span(mm)7509001050120013501500
Weights(kg/m)33.033.033.033.033.033.0
UDL(kN/m)35.9*26.319.314.811.89.5
RM(kNm)3.03.03.03.03.03.0

*This UDL value is restricted by shear, which means the UDL would be higher were it not for the shear force which would snap the lintel first.

Hopefully, this will have provided a simple introduction to lintel load spans and what the values in the load span tables mean. However, if you have any questions about lintel selection, load span calculations or lintel specification, our technical team are more than happy to assist. Contact them at technical@stressline.net.

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Comments 27

  1. I am installing a 48″ wide casement window in my basement. It is a block wall. What size angle iron do I need to use to support a single story wood frame home. Windows will be installed on the bearing block walls. I want to use angle iron so do I need to install it on the inside and the outside or can I use, EXAMPLE 6″X 2″ X ?. The block wall is not filled with cement so what length do I need in order to transfer the load properly? Thanks for your help Paul

    1. Post
      Author

      Hi Paul,
      Thank you for raising this query. I have emailed our technical department who will be in a better position to assist you. Thank you.
      Andrew

    1. Post
      Author

      Hi Paul
      thanks for the question. I don’t believe it is in the standards, but I will double check and reply again. Thanks, Andrew

  2. What is the strength of concrete used in prestressed lintels.

    Can you say what the permissible shear stress is in the lintel.

    I am considering a point load near the support.

    1. Post
      Author

      Hi David
      Thanks for the question. Our prestressed concrete lintels are designed with a concrete strength of 50 N/mm2. I hope this helps but please feel free to download our lintel guide which has more information or contact our technical team. Thanks again, Andrew

    2. Post
      Author

      Sorry David,
      I didn’t answer your question about shear stress. It would depend on other factors. If you can email me directly on andrew (dot) sanderson (at) stressline (dot) net with as much detail as possible, we will endeavour to help and advise as best as we can. Thank you,
      Andrew

  3. Hi what size lintel do I require to fit into a ground floor wall opening of 2600mm.
    The wall dimensions are: outer wall 100mm, cavity 85mm, inner breeze Block wall 115mm.

    The first floor joists run parallel with the external wall therefore will not sit on the proposed lintel.

    A 1200mm x 1200mm window opening is directly above the proposed wall opening.

    The pitched roof trusses sit on the inner cavity wall in the roof space. (Not sure if this information is relevant).

    I’m looking at a SL70 HD lintel 300mm in length.

    Many thanks
    Brent

    1. Post
      Author

      Hi Brent, thanks for the message.
      Will should have emailed you, so please correspond with him with any further queries.
      Thank you, Andrew

  4. hi just checking on a 1800 opening is 2100 lintel ok for use on interior ground floor single brick wall, looking at using a concrete steel reinforced lintel

    many thanks

    Jamie

    1. Post
      Author

      Hi Jamie
      Thanks for your question. Yes, is the answer a 2100 lintel would work as you need 150mm bearing either side. If you need any further assistance please let us know or feel free to download our brochure.
      Andrew

  5. Hi Andrew,
    I have an internal spinal wall in a Victorian house supporting floor above and first story wall (no roof support). Span of lintel to be 2.4 metres. Single skin brick (140mm). Which size and type of lintel will I need?

    Thanks
    Steve

    1. Post
      Author
  6. Hi Andrew,

    I have to create a 2.1 m opening in a 225 mm wall on ground floor supporting floor & wall above on 1st floor. Was planning to use 2 no 152 x 89 UB bolted together 2.4 long is this ok ? Regards

    Andy Masters

    1. Post
      Author
  7. Hi Andrew,

    I am seeking advice on what size I beam I would require for an opening of 3550mm?

    I am looking to remove a load bearing wall 100mm wide with a height of 2300mm to the underside of the joists between the dinning Room and kitchen.
    Above this wall I have a studwork partition between the hallway and Bedroom.

    Can you also confirm the that a 150mm bearing is ok for the Lintel to sit on?

    your assistance would be appreciated.

    1. Post
      Author
  8. Hi
    I have Window opening of 4.27 m under a concrete slab with a concrete beam. Brick work over lintel is .45 m. It is Cavity wall with 50mm cavity. Will it be safe to use 150×10 Angles under each leaf.

    1. Post
      Author
  9. I’m looking to build a grain dump pit where a loaded semi will drive over a 10′ long x 10′ wide pit. Can you give me some direction as to how much concrete and rear I need to span that length?

    1. Post
      Author
  10. I am installing a 40″ wide slider window in my basement. It is a block wall. What size angle iron do I need to use to support a single story wood frame home with siding exterior. Window will be installed on the bearing block walls. I want to use angle iron so do I need to install it on the inside and the outside ?. The block wall is not filled with cement so what length do I need in order to transfer the load properly? Thanks for your help Terry

    1. Post
      Author
  11. hi , I’m after a lintel for an opening span of 3200 to hold joists with stud wall above , price with delivery, thanks

    1. Post
      Author
  12. Hi Andrew
    I have an opening of 4500mm in an external wall, this will be for some bi-fold doors on ground floor, inner and outer will be 100mm blocks with 100mm cavity.
    The steel will be supporting a height of 2300mm and roof at 21 degree’s and joists

    1. Post
      Author

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